Scientific study explains why you should eat at the right time

Another cause for Diabetes.

Biotechin.Asia

When one eats may be as important as what one eats!

istock_000024965109medium The time of day you eat really does make a difference when it comes to health outcomes http://bit.ly/255la16

Biological clock also known as the circadian clocks are found in living things from bacteria to flies and humans, controls our rhythms of sleep, activity, eating and metabolism. It is like a daily calendar, telling the body what to expect, so it can prepare for the future and operate optimally.

New research at the Weizmann Institute of Science and in Germany led by Dr. Gad Asher, which recently appeared in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), suggests that the cells’ power plants – the mitochondria – are highly regulated by the body’s biological, or circadian, clocks. This may help explain why people who sleep and eat out of phase with their circadian clocks are at higher risk…

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Obesity and diabetes can be epigenetically inherited from parents

It’s all genetics

Biotechin.Asia

You Are What Your Parents Ate!

csm_Fotolia_Crevis_75956095_M_b782bcd524 “The results showed that both oocytes and sperm passed on epigenetic information, which particularly in the female offspring led to severe obesity,” said Prof. Johannes Beckers. (Photo: Fotolia/ cervis)

Diet-induced obesity and diabetes can be epigenetically* inherited by the offspring via both oocytes and sperm. Scientists from Technical University of Munich in collaboration with researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München and the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD) have shown that. The results were published in the journal Nature Genetics.

[*Epigenetics: In contrast to genetics, the term epigenetics refers to the inheritance of traits that are not determined in the primary sequence of the DNA (the genes). So far, RNA transcripts and chemical modifications of the chromatin (e.g. on the DNA or the histones) have been considered as carriers of this epigenetic information.]

For its studies, the team of the Institute of Experimental Genetics…

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Testing Sugar levels

 

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I was sitting here thinking how testing for sugar in you body has changed over time. I can remember as a child in the 70’s, how I had to test urine with the old clinitest tablets using a test tube and an eye dropper. The clinitest tablet was corrosive. I had to urinate in a plastic bed pan on the bathroom floor, this made me feel angst every time I had to do it.  From my recollection I had to put 5 drops of water and 2 drops of water,  the drop the tablet in the test tube. I then had to wait for the fizzing to stop and shake the test tube,then compare the colour on a chart my parents has put on the inside of the medicine cabinet.

 

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If the sugar reading was high, I then had to use keto diastix to check for ketones. Which I only have recently found, they are still used to check diabetic dogs urine for sugar levels. I can remember trying to hide readings, from my parents as I would be yelled at and blamed for a high reading. If they had only known that stress raises sugar level readings, also that urine testing could only test sugar levels hours 4 to 6 hours earlier.

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Late in 1979, I got my first blood testing machine. It was the size of a lunch box, and had what reminded me of a windscreen wiper measurement screen. That was the start of stabbing my fingers 6 times a day, before and after meals even though my insulin dosage was not changed much that I can remember. Previously I had used the blood testing machine in Camperdown children’s Hospital, using a lancet to stab my fingers. The lancets then were as sharp as a scalpel, and left me with bruised finger tips as they went in deep (no adjustment of depth on the old lancet).

Now we have blood testing machines that don’t need calibration, they connect to mobile phones, measure ketones, wirelessly to pumps, also the cgm and now the freestyle libre that I’m looking into. (http://www.freestylelibre.com.au/)

‘Smart’ insulin discovered: Experimented in mice only

Everything takes time

Biotechin.Asia

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An experimental “smart insulin” that acts for 14 hours has shown promise in mice and could be tested in people with type 1 diabetes in two years.

The product, known as Ins-PBA-F and developed by biochemists at the University of Utah, self-activates when blood sugar soars, according to the research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Tests on mice with a form of type 1 diabetes showed that one injection could repeatedly and automatically lower blood sugar levels after mice are given amounts of sugar comparable to what they would consume at mealtime. The drug closely mimicked the way the bodies of normal mice would return their blood sugar levels to normal after eating.

People with type 1 diabetes must constantly monitor their blood sugar and manually inject themselves with insulin when needed. Any mistake or lapse can lead to complications, including heart disease, blindness or…

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Smart-insulin patch could replace painful injections in Diabetes

I am waiting for this, since starting pumping in my 40’s anything anything is possible.

Biotechin.Asia

Painful insulin injections could become a thing of the past with the invention of the “smart insulin patch” by researchers at the University of North Carolina and NC state. The patch detects increases in blood sugar levels and secretes doses of insulin into the bloodstream whenever needed. This invention could revolutionize the way, people with diabetes keep their blood sugar levels in check.

Diabetes has become a full-blown epidemic in India, China, and many emerging economies- affecting more than 387 million people worldwide, and that number is expected to grow to 592 million by the year 2035. Patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes keep their sugar levels under control by regularly monitoring with finger pricks and repeated insulin shots- a process that is both painful and imprecise. “Injecting the wrong amount of medication can lead to significant complications like blindness and limb amputations, or even more disastrous consequences such as diabetic comas and death,” says John Buse…

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Blood sugar levels in response to foods are highly individual

All too true.

Biotechin.Asia

Blood sugar level always rise after a meal but surprisingly, the rise in levels differ dramatically from person to person. Scientists have released this new results in the November issue of Cell, underscores the importance of a personalized diet, which explains that the bodily response to foods was highly individual. This means the same foods don’t necessarily have the same effect from person to person.

151119143445_1_540x360 Strikingly different responses to identical foods. In study participant 445 (top), blood sugar levels rose sharply after eating bananas but not after cookies of the same amount of calories. The opposite occurred in participant 644 (bottom).

The study being conducted by Dr. Eran Elinav and Prof. Eran Segal, Weizmann Institute of Science, called Personalized nutrition project focusses on “huge differences in the rise of blood sugar levels among different people who consumed identical diet and highlights the importance of personalized eating choices that helps…

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